1. The Supreme Court will hear a case involving how states draw district lines based on population. It is important because of an issue of affirmative action, which considered as an effort to improve education and employment opportunities for women and minority groups. People who support the action think it helps to protect these groups from being treat unequally. However, the opponents state that the action gives these groups an unfair advantage. The start of this case is from a girl named Abigail. Abigail is yarning to go to the University of Texas, but she didn’t get in and attending an University in Louisiana State instead. Therefore, she files a lawsuit against the school claiming she didn’t receive the offer because of her race, that she is white. In fact, for the admissions process at University of Texas, the Top 10% of each high class statewide gets in automatically. For students below the top 10%, like Abigail, many factors will be considered, and race is one of them. Some minority students on the University of Texas campus don’t agree with Abigail’s lawsuit. Bradley Poole, the president of Black Student Alliance, thinks that race is the easiest that Abigail can went against. Others takes offense of the lawsuit because they think they make some efforts as other people do.
2. United States and other countries have reached a massive trade deal, which called Trans- Pacific Partnership (TTP). Negotiation has been processing for years for this trade deal. Even though President Obama supports the TTP, there are supporters and opponents among both US Democrats and Republicans.It is important because the deal has to be approved by the Congress and the Legislatures of the 11 other countries before it actually takes effect. The TTP is a trade deal that encompasses 40% of the world’s economy. There are 12 countries participate in the deal, and the goals are all about setting the rules on labor, environment, and economics around the Asia pacific region to sort of prevents China from setting lower standards. The Pro side of the TTP is that it provides more chances for the United States to trade with countries like Japan. However, many farmers who own small farms in Japan don’t want to be put at the risk of losing their jobs and incomes.
3. China, as being the rival of the United States; both country are in economic and political competition. China is a communist state, that government controls the media and the economy. However, Chinese business increases rapidly after government loosened the control. China is the world’s second largest economy and the biggest importer, but 40 years ago (1970), it is a country with at least 30% of people living in poverty. The situation started to change in 1978, when China launched major economic reforms. Agricultural was the first, that farmers were allowed to sell their crops on the open market. After the success of agricultural, open trade led to privatization other states to own enterprises. In 1980, China became one of the member of the world bank and International Monetary Fund. China also created four special economical zones in the same year. As the trade open up to other countries, China started to build factories and take advantage of cheap labor. As the result, more than 500 million people lived out of the poverty.